In June 2018, a nun accused Bishop Franco Mulakkal of raping her multiple times between 2014 and 2016.
The nun, who was a member of the Missionaries of Jesus congregation,
filed a complaint with the Kerala Police.
Mulakkal was arrested and charged with rape, wrongful confinement, and other offenses.
The case sparked outrage in India and led to protests by nuns and other Catholic activists.
The Vatican temporarily removed Mulakkal from his position as bishop of the Jalandhar diocese.
The trial of Mulakkal began in September 2020.
The prosecution presented evidence that included the testimony of the nun and other witnesses.
The defense argued that the nun had fabricated the allegations against Mulakkal.
but recently Pope Francis has accepted the resignation of Bishop Franco Mulakkal.
The Pope's decision comes after a long and controversial investigation into the allegations.